Sloan-C: Scholarship trends in blended learning

Impact – Phase 1

  • determine impact
    • introduced impact factor and described altmetrics but ignored these metrics
    • Publish or Perish – why?
  • Articles
  • Book chapters
    • 2005 is largest collection
    • 14 chapters on chart come from the same book
  • Books
    • only 3 books had 5 or more citations for books published after 2009
  • White papers, reports, non-scholarly
  • Top journals – not generally from the traditional top education journals
    • British Journal of Educational Technology
    • Internet and Higher Education
  • Findings
    • diversity of fields
    • little conversation from core distance education journals
    • seminal works are more focused on definitions and nature, not empirical research
  • Utilized 2013 Drysdale, Graham, Spring, and Halverson coding system to codify articles into categories
  • Research questions focus (ranked in popularity order)
    1. instructional design
      1. models
      2. strategies and best practices
      3. design process
      4. implementation
      5. environment and course structure
    2. disposition
    3. exploration
    4. learner outcomes
      1. Performance outcomes
      2. Satisfaction, Student
      3. Engagement
      4. Independence in Learning
      5. Motivation and Effort
    5. comparison
    6. technology
    7. interaction
    8. demographics
    9. professional development
    10. others
  • 19 articles attempted to develop existing theory, but only 2 used the same theory
  • gaps:
    • lack of research on instructors
    • few EXPLAIN models
    • lack of theoretical cohesiveness
  • huge growth in graduate research (theses/dissertations) over the last 15 years
    • searched ProQuest
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